For Google Analystics
:::  Site Map |  Mailbox of Superintendent |  Reservations for Interpretation |  FAQ |  Home |  Language Search  
Shei-Pa National ParkAbout Shei-PaAbout the AgencyVisitor GuideNatural Resource ConservationItinerary of Moutain ClimbingDownload
Flash Movie: Natural Resource Conservation
::: Home - Natural Resource Conservation - Natural Resource Conservation - Survey Analysis and Selection Assessment Study of List of Native Plants for Use in Wuling Planting Projects
font size : small font size : default font size : large Forward (Open with new window) Print friendly (Open with new window)
Survey Analysis and Selection Assessment Study of List of Native Plants for Use in Wuling Planting Projects
Author: Chih-Chiang Wang (Professor, National Penghu University)
The Wuling area, is an important recreational area in Shei-Pa National Park and gateway to the Xue Mountain Range. In additional to its rich ecology and scenery, it is also a crucial habitat for the rare Formosan land-locked salmon (Oncorhynchus masou formosanus), an Ice Age relic species, making Wuling widely known as a critical area for their conservation. The gorgeous scenery and extraordinary ecological environment attracts domestic and international visitors, and a visitor center, management center, pathways and other facilities have been established for their use. The use of native plants is an important part of beautifying the environment, as well as serving to maintain the ecological balance and the principle of conservation. A comprehensive Survey analysis was therefore undertaken of the native plant resources in the area, employing database and data mining techniques to find the connections between species, then using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to create a framework of assessment indicators and their hierarchical relationships for each native plants selection. The weighting of the indicators was obtained, providing reference for selecting native plants and decision making in Wuling. Information on the properties of and reference for the assessment selection of Wuling’s native plans were also established, further providing a basis for the assessment and selection of the area’s native plants according to priority.

592 species of vascular plants were recorded within the area of the study, among which there were 19 families, 42 genera, and 87 species of pteridophyta, 7 families, 17 genera and 18 species of gymnosperms, 90 families, 256 genera and 438 species of dicotyledons, and 10 families, 38 genera and 49 species of monocotyledons. According to grouping results, the vegetation was classified as: (1) Kawakami Hydrangea (Hydrangea aspera D.Don) - Formosan alder. (Alnus formosana) Type; (2) Rice paper-plant (Tetrapanax papyriferus) - Formosan Beautyberry (Callicarpa formosana) Type; (3) Litsea akoensis Type; (4) Taiwan red pine (Pinus taiwanensis Hayata.) - Taiwan Gordonia (Gordonia axillaris (Roxb.) Dietr.) Type; (5) Chinese Cork Oak.(Quercus variabilis Blume) - Taiwan red pine Type; (6) Taiwan red pine - Formosan alder. Type and (7) Formosan alder. Type. The potential vegetation of the Qijiawan Stream can be divided into ten different classifications.

This study provided a recommended list of woody plants, shrubs, vines, and herbaceous plants for greening and beautification work and surveyed and collated the characteristics and cultivation information for 60 species of trees and plants suitable for planting in Wuling for reference in such greening projects. The framework for evaluation by the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) included three levels of functional and characteristic factors affecting environmental greening and beautification divided as follows: Level 1 included functional need, plant characteristics and two other items; Level 2 included biological characteristics, aesthetic value, educational value, stress resistance, production management, and other factors; while factors affecting Level 3 were rarity, ecological amplitude, butterfly attraction, bird attraction, richness of color, phenological variation, characteristic odor, nature education, cultural significance, weather resistance, ability to grow in poor soil, resistance to disease and insect damage, seedling cultivation, cultivation and care, and other items

In addition, plant and environmental information from 300 subplots derived from 30 survey sample plots has been used to calculate the relatedness between multiple plants species and environmental factors using database and data mining technology, which can provide complementary species for use in beautification planting projects.

Research Conclusions and Recommendations In this survey research, it is recommended that native trees species be used for beautification and afforestation in the park area. Native plants and the local environment have already been through a long process of coevolution; they have a stable, interdependent relationship with local wildlife, are resistant to local diseases and insect damage, and are resistant to stress and relatively adaptable to changes in the environment, making their cultivation and management relatively easy subsequent to planting. It is therefore recommended that native tree species be used in beautification and reforestation in the Wuling area.

In addition, research of plants and the environment should continue, as thoroughly and accurately surveying and understanding them are necessary steps for the planting of native species. It is recommended that follow-up research and measures include ongoing surveying of the current environment and vegetation, estimating and surveying the potential vegetation under all environmental conditions, and cultivating and spreading locally native ornamental plants. The design and implementation of planting in Wuling should take the creation of a natural environment and scenery that accord with natural principles as a priority; Assessments of the ongoing effects of planting must therefore be carried out on an ongoing basis in order to serve as reference for understanding the results and making revisions.

On the basis of this research's finding, the recommended plant list and scoring results are :
No./ Plant Name Raw Score Weighted Score % Rank
25.Formosan Sweet Gums(Liquidambar formosana Liquidambar formosana) 35 2.68 89.33% 1
28.Platycarya strobilacea Sieb. & Zucc 33 2.59 86.33% 2
40.Wax apple (Syzygium samarangense) 33 2.56 85.33% 3
41.Rhododendron  (Rhododendron spp) 32 2.45 81.67% 4
44.Taiwan Cherry  (Prunus campanulata) 32 2.45 81.67% 5
39.Taiwan Loquat. (Eriobotrya deflexa (Hemsl)Nakai.) 31 2.43 81.00% 6
24.Cork Oak (Quercus variabilis Blume) 32 2.42 80.67% 7
49.Common Camellia.(Camellia japomica) 31 2.38 79.33% 8
51.Taiwan Gordonia (Gordonia axillaris (Roxb.) Dietr.) 31 2.36 78.67% 9
42.Taiwan photinia  (Photinia Iucida (Decaisne) Schneider ) 30 2.31 77.00% 10
3.Acer kawakamii Koidz. 30 2.3 76.67% 11
4.Reddening Maple (Acer rubescens Hayata) 30 2.3 76.67% 12
5.Green Maple (Acer serrulatum) 30 2.3 76.67% 13
2.Pseudotsuga wilsoniana Hayata 30 2.29 76.33% 14
17.Ring-cupped Oak (Quercus glauca Thunb. ex Murray) 29 2.26 75.33% 15
43.Taiwan Cherry (Prunus campanulata) 30 2.24 74.67% 16
6.Wax Tree (Rhus succedanca L.) 30 2.23 74.33% 17
46.Flame Gold-rain Tree (Koelreuteria formosana Hayata) 29 2.18 72.67% 18
36.Morella rubra 28 2.17 72.33% 19
1.Taiwan Red Cypress (Chamaecyparis formosensis Matsum) 29 2.16 72.00% 20
11.Lyonia ovalifolia (Wall.) Drude 30 2.15 71.67% 21
8.Alishan Hornbeam(Carpinus kawakamii Hayata) 28 2.09 69.67% 22
37.Taiwan Eugenia ( Syzygium formosanum (Hayata) Mori) 26 2.07 69.00% 23
35.Formosan Michelia (Michelia mechlia) 26 2.04 68.00% 24
27.Juglans cathayensis Dode 27 2.04 68.00% 25
12.Taiwan azalea (Rhododendron ellipticum Maxim) 28 2.03 67.67% 26
13.Yushan Rhododendron(Rhododendron Pseudochrysanthum Hay.) 28 2.03 67.67% 27
19.Quercus (Stenophylloides Hayata) 26 2 66.67% 28
18.Mori Oak (Cyclobalanopsis morri (Hayata) Schottky.) 26 1.98 66.00% 29
29.Mountain Cinnamon Tree  (Cinnamomum insularimontanum.) 27 1.98 66.00% 30
57.Chinese Elm(Ulmus parvifolia Jacq.) 27 1.98 66.00% 31
59.Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Mak. 27 1.98 66.00% 32
52.Chinese Guger Tree(Schima superb) 26 1.94 64.67% 33
7.Formosan Alder. ( Alnus formosana) 26 1.94 64.67% 34
58.Ulmus uyematsui Hayata 26 1.93 64.33% 35
60.Harlequin Glorybower (Clerodendrum trichotomum Thunb.) 26 1.91 63.67% 36
14.Spiraea thunbergii 27 1.91 63.67% 37
10.Japanese Elaeocarpus. (Elaeocarpus japonicus Sieb. & Zucc.) 24 1.87 62.33% 38
16.Albizzia julibrissin 26 1.86 62.00% 39
38.Osmanthus heterophyllus (G. Don) Green 22 1.81 60.33% 40
54.Bird-limetree(Trochodendron aralioides Sieb. & Zucc) 23 1.8 60.00% 41
23.Quercus tatakaensis Tomiya 23 1.78 59.33% 42
45.Salix fulvopubescens Hayata 23 1.78 59.33% 43
22.Nanban Tanoak. (Pasania hancei (Benth.) Schottky var. ternaticupula (Hayata).) 23 1.77 59.00% 44
20.Short-tailed leaf tanoak(Pasania harlandii (Hance) Oerst. ) 23 1.76 58.67% 45
21.Pasania kawakamii (Hayata) Schott. 23 1.76 58.67% 46
47.Sapphireberry Sweetleaf.(Symplocos paniculata (Thunb.)Miq.) 22 1.75 58.33% 47
48.Cleyera japonica 21 1.68 56.00% 48
50.Eurya glaberrima Hayata 21 1.68 56.00% 49
55.Taiwan Hackberry( Celtis formosana Hayata.) 22 1.67 55.67% 50
56.Chinese Hackberry(Celtis sinensis Pers.) 22 1.67 55.67% 51
53.Japanese Ternstroemia. ( Ternstroemia gymnanthera.) 20 1.57 52.33% 52
26.Sycopsis sinensis Oliver 19 1.56 52.00% 53
9.Euonymus carnosus Hemsl 19 1.54 51.33% 54
15.Vaccinium wrightii Gray 21 1.51 50.33% 55
30.Litsea acuminata (Blume) Kurata 19 1.48 49.33% 56
31.Litsea akoensis 19 1.48 49.33% 57
32.Machilus japonica Siebold & Zucc. 19 1.48 49.33% 58
33.Neolitsea acuminatissima (Hayata) Kanehira a Sasaki 18 1.36 45.33% 59
34.Neolitsea aciculata (Blume) Koidz. var. variabillima (Hayata) J. C. Liao 18 1.36 45.33% 60
| Back |
Last Update Date:2017-03-29
top
 
 
::: |  Information Security Policy |  Privacy Protection Policy  |  Link |  Regulation | 
Shei-Pa National Park Headquarters, All rights reserved
E-mail: mail@spnp.gov.tw
Office Service Hours: AM8:30~PM5:00 from Monday to Friday
Wenshui Visitor Center Opening Hours:AM9:00~PM5:00
Wuling/ Guanwu/ Xuejian Visitor Center Opening Hours: AM9:00~PM4:30
Best viewed with IE7 higher with 1024*768 resolutions
100 Shueiweiping, Fusing Village, Dahu Township, Miaoli County,36443, Taiwan (R.O.C.)  Map(Open with new window)   A+ Level passed.
Tel: 886-37-996100 / Fax: 886-37-996302