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Shei-Pa National Park. Republic of China (Taiwan)
*Synopsis
Shei-pa national park
Shei-pa national park
When we are trying to gain some understanding of any national park, it is useful to consider in what country and what area the park lies. Shei-Pa National Park is in Taiwan, so a quick review of Taiwan may be helpful here.

Taiwan, or Formosa as it used to be called, is an island about 160 kilometers off the southeast coast of Mainland China, between Japan and Philippines on a line running north-southwest. It is approximately 36,000 square kilometers in size, about the same size as Holland, and a little larger than Massachusetts and Connecticut States combined. Three quarters of the land area is mountainous, much of it too steep to be cultivated easily. There are more than 200 peaks over 3,000 meters in altitude. The highest of them, Jade Mountain reaches 3,952 meters.

The climate is subtropical, and rainfall is heavy: average annual rainfall in the north is 100 inches(2,540 mm).

The population now numbers 23 million, mainly ethnic Chinese, but including also more than 300, 000 aborigines of south Pacific ancestry, languages, and culture. The people live mostly on the level plains, where the population density is very high. The population has increased very fast recently, moreover in one generation Taiwan has changed from an agricultural to a predominantly industrial society. Taiwan, with its warm climate, abundant rainfall, steep mountains and valleys, is rich in natural resources co-existing in a delicate equilibrium. This equilibrium is particularly threatened in two ways: firstly, owing to the steepness of the slopes and the force of the rainfalls, the forest cover is essential to prevent erosion, with loss both of soil and of water. Secondly, the rapid development of human life causes many kinds of disturbance to the ecology, with the danger that today's advantages might be at the expense of man's future This situation gives a particular urgency to the work of the national parks: to prevent certain chosen parts of the country from being overwhelmed by industrial growth; to provide areas where people can get recreation and exercise in contact with nature; and, especially important in a rapidly developing country, teach visitors in the park how to enjoy, understand and protect the wild life around them.
Cuei Pond
Cuei Pond
Main Peak of Xue Mountain
Main Peak of Xue Mountain
Silver Forest
Silver Forest
 
Shei-pa national park
Shei-Pa National Park covers an area of 76,850 hectares on the central Taiwan range, slightly to the north of central Taiwan. This is a region of magnificent mountains: within the park are 51 peaks over 3,000 meters high. It is a mostly wild and undeveloped area with a range of wildlife that includes many rare and endemic species. The park was founded to protect and study this splendid wilderness, maintaining the natural environment and all forms of life it includes. Conservation is therefore the first priority for Shei-Pa National Park, and a large proportion of its land is protected as Conservation Area, or Special Scenic Area, with limited access for ordinary visitors.
Ground plan of Shei-pa National Park
Under the National Parks Law, the parks are required actively to promote resource conservation, research, recreation and sustainability of use. To further the attainment of these ends, Shei-Pa National Park is divided into four types of management zone, with different levels of restriction and control over land use:

1. Conservation Area
Natural biotic communities and their habitats, which are strictly protected for ecological research. The unauthorized collection of specimens, the use of pesticides, and construction of any kind are forbidden.

2. Special Scenic Area
Areas of special natural features which could not be recreated, and in which development must be strictly controlled.

3. General protected Area
Areas of land and water not within other zone types, including existing small villages. Continuation of existing land use modes is permitted.

4. Recreation Area
Areas suitable for various outdoor leisure activities. The construction of recreational facilities and limited exploitation are permitted. The areas of this type are the Wuling, Guanwu, and Syuejian Recreation Areas.
Read : 37224  Updated : 2017-03-29
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